By Noah J. Efron
Scholars have struggled for many years to give an explanation for why Jews have succeeded extravagantly in smooth technology. a number of debatable theories—from such intellects as C. P. Snow, Norbert Wiener, and Nathaniel Weyl—have been promoted. Snow hypothesized an advanced genetic predisposition to medical good fortune. Wiener steered that the breeding behavior of Jews sustained hereditary traits conducive for studying. Economist and eugenicist Weyl attributed Jewish highbrow eminence to "seventeen centuries of breeding for scholars."
Rejecting the concept Jews have performed good in technology as a result of uniquely Jewish features, Jewish brains, and Jewish behavior of brain, historian of technological know-how Noah J. Efron ways the Jewish affinity for technological know-how throughout the geographic and cultural conditions of Jews who have been forced to settle in new worlds within the early 20th century.
Seeking reduction from non secular persecution, hundreds of thousands of Jews resettled within the usa, Palestine, and the Soviet Union, with huge concentrations of settlers in ny, Tel Aviv, and Moscow. technological know-how performed a wide function within the lives and livelihoods of those immigrants: it was once a common strength that transcended the arbitrary previous international orders that had lengthy ensured the exclusion of all yet a number of Jews from the seats of energy, wealth, and public esteem. even if the 3 locations have been some distance aside geographically, the hyperlinks one of the groups have been enduring and lively. This shared experience—of dealing with the long run in new worlds, either actual and conceptual—provided a new release of Jews with possibilities not like any their mom and dad and grandparents had known.
The tumultuous fresh century of Jewish heritage, which observed either a methodical crusade to blot out Europe's Jews and the inexorable absorption of Western Jews into the societies during which they now reside, is illuminated by means of where of honor technological know-how held in Jewish imaginations. technology used to be important to their desires of making new worlds—welcoming worlds—for a persecuted people.
This provocative paintings will entice historians of technological know-how in addition to students of faith, Jewish experiences, and Zionism.
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A Chosen Calling (Medicine, Science, and Religion in Historical Context) by Noah J. Efron